Research Handbooks on Globalisation and the Law series
Edited by Sabino Cassese
The second half of the 1900s witnessed a relentless growth of international public powers and regional public organizations. The list of these powers and organizations is long and includes among others, the Arab League (founded in 1945); the Organization of American States (OAS – 1948); the European Economic Community, which eventually evolved into the European Union (EU – 1957); the Andean Community (1960); the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN – 1967); the Caribbean Community (CARICOM – 1973); the Organization of African Unity, the African Union (1963); the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC – 1985); the Arab Maghreb Union (1989); Mercosur (1991); and NAFTA (1994). Although all of these entities originated as economic organizations, they developed along different paths: some have rather basic structures, while others have very complex structures with several branches.