Research Handbooks on Impact Assessment series
Edited by Davide Geneletti
Chapter 13: Exploring the trade- offs between wind energy and biodiversity conservation
The ongoing development of renewable energy and biodiversity conservation can complement each other whilst interfering with one another’s goals. Land-based wind energy will remain, in a mid-term perspective, the most efficient source of renewable energy. Impact assessment for wind energy’s wildlife implications has brought manifold results within the recent decade. Based on findings so far, a comprehensive variety of mitigation measures has been identified and implemented, for example, macro-avoidance, micro-siting, wind facility design, curtailment, decreasing on-site habitat attractiveness, deterrence, and compensatory mitigation. However, uncertainties about wind energy’s wildlife effects remain, such as the quantification of impacts, the significance of effects on a population level, and the efficacy of mitigation measures. At the same time, ever more detailed Environmental Impact Assessment and planning approaches have been elaborated (e.g., macro-siting with zoning maps, habitat conservation plans, and adaptive management), thus, shaping and balancing trade-offs of renewable energy systems and biodiversity conservation goals. Illustrated by facets of wind energy case studies, we introduce ambitious approaches and discuss the scope of trade-off strategies against more conflictive action taking. This might also contribute to setting an agenda as far as competing ecosystems functions and services are concerned (climate change mitigation vs biodiversity conservation).
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.