Chapter 5: Shanghai and Nantong: the twin cities’ tale of sustainable competitiveness
With rapid development of global economic integration and the arrival of the urban age, economic competition among cities in the world has become increasingly fierce. How to enhance a city’s competitiveness and sustainable development better and faster has been brought up as a global hot issue, and hence the concept of urban sustainable competitiveness has attracted the attention of policy makers at all levels of government. Sustainable competitiveness generally includes two aspects, competitiveness and sustainability. Urban competitiveness is a city’s ability, against its rivals, to attract resources, manufacture products and occupy markets, so that it can create more and higher-quality wealth in a better and faster manner with less input, and provide welfare for its residents, in the process of its competition and development. Sustainability refers to the ability of a city to not only ensure current development but also create future long-term competitiveness, so as to promote its sustainable development. Under the competitive pressure of globalization, urban integration and clustering have become important ways to rapidly enhance a city’s sustainable competitiveness. Many geographically adjacent cities in the world are experiencing integration of competition and cooperation. Among them, Shanghai and Nantong, two cities lying at the mouth of the Yangtze River, tell their own story of urban integration.
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