Chapter 7: Inclusive growth and urban strategies: the case of Barcelona
Over the last three decades, most of the more advanced economies have shown a worrying increase in inequality in the distribution of income and wealth (Piketty, 2013 , Chapter 1). In some of these economies, correcting this trend, associated with globalization, has become a key concern. Institutions such as the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) are proposing that governments implement inclusive growth strategies (OECD, 2014). And among these strategies are those that affect cities. The questions raised are whether inequality and economic growth are inexorably linked and, in particular, whether urban and metropolitan policies can and should play a significant role in promoting an inclusive type of economic growth which, as it increases income and wealth, can also reduce inequality. The information available about income distribution on an urban and metropolitan scale is incomplete and often does not allow comparison with state and regional territorial units. The aim is to ascertain whether cities and metropolises have higher levels of inequality in income distribution and wealth than states and regions, and how these variables evolve over time. To answer this question, consistent information is required at the different territorial levels, which in turn requires performing territorialized surveys on living conditions. Generally speaking, this information is not found in official statistics. It is also difficult to find long urban and metropolitan series that enable the evolution of these variables over time to be studied.
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