Chapter 11: Urban sustainability and revitalization: the case of the Mile End in Montreal
A number of studies have shown that poor neighborhoods find considerable support from the social and solidarity-based economy (SSE) for launching local initiatives for innovative and sustainable territorial revitalization processes (Tremblay et al., 2009a). Local projects rooted in the SSE can have a positive impact on job creation, the inclusion of excluded groups, the provision of services to the poorest citizens (Moulaert and Ailenei, 2005), as well as on getting resilient local development processes under way (Hamdouch et al., 2012). However, the mere presence of the SSE does not suffice to trigger these processes. Instead, they are shaped by tension and conflicts, and by progress and setbacks, as many case studies have shown (Klein and Champagne, 2011; Tremblay et al., 2009a). In this chapter we examine this topic by way of a case study on the Mile End, a neighborhood in the city of Montreal. We seek to answer the following question: To what extent does the revitalization begun in the Mile End, widely supported and coordinated by SSE organizations, point to the need for a revision of our notion of sustainability in urban development? In other words, does the case bring us to reconsider our vision of the sustainable city?
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