Chapter 16: Partnerships for public service delivery in Mexico: types, territorial distribution and competitiveness
The use of partnerships is common practice in local government nowadays. The need to include the participation of other actors in public affairs, either to legitimize actions or to improve the provision of services to attain sustainable development, has been present around the world. Part of the role of local government is the continuous search for efficiency, which is related to its capability in the identifying of demands and exploring the best ways to face local problems, which implies the participation of the private and community sectors (Pratchett and Wilson, 1996). In Mexico, mainly urban municipalities are attempting to adopt this model of open participation, and they have tried to include social and private actors, mainly for public service delivery. Some of them are formal and others are informal but all of them are practices defined by local characteristics. There are some studies showing cases of public–private partnerships in the country (Orihuela, 2013), but there are no studies that cover the whole country. The objective of this chapter is to explore the types of partnerships that can be encountered in the country, their location in the territory, and a possible relationship between partnerships and competitiveness. The aim is to expand the knowledge about local partnerships in the municipalities of the country and contribute to the analysis about their creation and the characteristics that define their participation in different places.
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