Emerging Markets and the Future of the BRIC Nations

Emerging Markets and the Future of the BRIC Nations

New Horizons in International Business series

Edited by Ben L. Kedia and Kelly Aceto

After a decade of unprecedented growth, the BRIC nations’ economies have unexpectedly slowed. In this innovative book, expert contributors diagnose and examine the factors that might be responsible for the economic regression in Brazil, Russia, India, and China.

Chapter 5: Gender balance and economic outcomes in Russia, India, and China

Prabir C. Bhattacharya

Subjects: business and management, international business


The human sex ratio, which is usually defined in terms of the number of males per 100 females, varies greatly between countries and regions. The biological norm is for the sex ratio at birth (SRB) to be about 105 more or less everywhere – meaning just over 51 percent of births are boys and just under 49 percent are girls. But with equal care and feeding, females die less quickly. It is therefore not surprising that the sex ratio of the population as a whole in the West and in many other regions leans in favor of women. In the UK this ratio is 99; in the USA, 97; and in the EU, 96. In sub-Saharan Africa, where life expectancy at birth is relatively low for both sexes, the ratio is 99. In Russia, Ukraine, and some former Eastern bloc countries, it is among the lowest in the world: 86 for both Russia and Ukraine.

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