Table of Contents

Research Handbook on Electronic Commerce Law

Research Handbook on Electronic Commerce Law

Research Handbooks in Information Law

John A. Rothchild

The steady growth of internet commerce over the past twenty years has given rise to a host of new legal issues in a broad range of fields. This authoritative Research Handbook comprises chapters by leading scholars which will provide a solid foundation for newcomers to the subject and also offer exciting new insights that will further the understanding of e-commerce experts. Key topics covered include: contracting, payments, intellectual property, extraterritorial enforcement, alternative dispute resolution, social media, consumer protection, network neutrality, online gambling, domain name governance, and privacy.

Chapter 21: Cloud investigations by European data protection authorities: An empirical account

Asma A.I. Vranaki

Subjects: law - academic, commercial law, internet and technology law, law -professional, technology, media and telecommunications law


This chapter draws on qualitative interviews, documentary analysis, and observation data to analyze how European data protection authorities (“EU DPAs”) exercise one of their statutory enforcement powers, namely, investigations to determine the compliance of cloud providers with the relevant data protection laws. The empirical analysis presented in this chapter supports two arguments. Firstly, the investigations of cloud providers by EU DPAs (“Cloud Investigations”) are complex regulatory processes that often involve different co-operative relationships between various actors, such as DPAs. In reality, manifold interactions and practices, such as facilitative instruments, are deployed to form and perform such collaborations which are vital in ensuring the consistent application and enforcement of common data protection principles in an increasingly globalized context. Secondly, Cloud Investigations are also dynamic as they can involve continually evolving regulatory enforcement styles and compliance attitudes. Providers of cloud services can often resist the attempts of the EU DPAs to direct the investigative process in specific ways. How such resistance is resolved is very much context-dependent.

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