Chapter 13: Migration, gender and health
This chapter begins by referring to global trends in patterns of migration between men and women and focuses on South_South migration. It examines structural as well as subjective factors influencing women and men migrants to open up the debate on how gendered patterns of migrations impact on health. The chapter draws examples from Southern Africa to illustrate how migration is gendered and how this process is reflected on migrants men’s and women’s bodies. Through examining various phases and forms of migration and various migration settings, it explores the pathways through which mobility ‘engenders’ health risks. The chapter also highlights the invisible role of women as carers for the sick and discusses the role of the sending households and communities as carrying the burden of ill-health of returned migrants. Finally, the chapter problematizes the use of the concept of ‘vulnerability’ in the literature on migration, and debates whether the concepts of structural vulnerability or vulnerable populations are suited to address gender differentials in health and migration.
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