Developing National Systems of Innovation

Developing National Systems of Innovation

University–Industry Interactions in the Global South

Edited by Eduardo Albuquerque, Wilson Suzigan, Glenda Kruss and Keun Lee

Interactions between firms and universities are key building blocks of innovation systems. This book focuses on those interactions in developing countries, presenting studies based on fresh empirical material prepared by research teams in 12 countries from three continents. The result is a more universal and dynamic view of the shaping and reshaping of interactions between firms and universities throughout different countries and phases of development. There are dimensions of those interactions that cannot be seen in the US, Europe or Japan. There are aspects and features of interactions that cannot be seen when we investigate Uganda, China or Mexico alone. In a time of increasing internationalization, interactions between firms and universities must be investigated tracking their international linkages. Professor Richard Nelson (Columbia University) writes in his preface: "The studies reported in this book are among the first to be directed to what is going on in developing countries".

Chapter 5: Relevance of university–industry links for firms from developing countries: exploring different surveys

Marcelo Pinho and Ana Cristina Fernandes

Subjects: development studies, development economics, economics and finance, development economics, economics of innovation, evolutionary economics, innovation and technology, economics of innovation

Extract

The impressive growth of the literature on National Systems of Innovation (NSIs) since the 1990s reflects the approach’s current influence on dealing with the innovation and economic performance of countries and regions (Fagerberg and Sapprasert 2011). An NSI1 approach includes universities and public research institutes (PRIs) as one set of crucial constituent organizations. Nevertheless, conceptualization of the actual role they play within innovation systems, as Mowery and Sampat (2005) point out, is still controversial and varies considerably over time, across industrial sectors and countries, and among academic experts and policymakers. Since the 1970s, when declines in public research funding affected universities in many Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries and the costs of industrial research soared (Nelson and Rosenberg 1993), the role of universities and PRIs in NSIs has come into focus in innovation studies. The call is for more investigation and empirical accounts of the knowledge flows between academic organizations and firms, both in developed and developing countries. As innovation outputs underpin the growth of a national or regional product, a more accurate understanding of the role of universities and PRIs should inform the policymaker.

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