University–Industry Interactions in the Global South
Edited by Eduardo Albuquerque, Wilson Suzigan, Glenda Kruss and Keun Lee
Postscript: Researching university–industry links: where do we go from here?
This postscript analyses the experiences of a research programme seeking to conceptualize and quantify university–industry links (UILs) in Asian, Latin American, and African countries. Although this topic has generated a considerable body of research in high-income countries, little empirically grounded research has been conducted elsewhere. Our aim is to learn from this pioneering research programme to inform future UIL research directions in low-and middle-income countries. The Changing Role of Universities in the South (Changing Universities) research programme supported studies that examined: (1) how and why universities in low-and middle-income countries were transforming to meet their research, teaching, and outreach missions; (2) what changes or roles would advance their development potential; and (3) how should universities link their entrepreneurial and research functions? The last question generated considerable interest and more than 30 researchers were funded by the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) and a number of other agencies to examine UILs across Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Before the research began, the research teams had independently identified a common challenge in their funding proposals. First, the requisite data needed to quantify UILs (e.g., surveys of industry and research organizations) were not available in their countries of study, except in a few instances. Second, a number of researchers questioned the utility of replicating survey instruments developed in “mature” innovation systems and applying them in low-and middle-income country settings.
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