Chapter 8: Demographics, education, health, and labor
Demographics and the well-being of the population play a critical role in the development and reform process. Aging or very large populations have presented unique challenges to growth and place pressure on social services. The level of human capital among the citizenry must be sufficient to allow individuals to contribute fully to economic life. Changing demographics and human capital lead to shifting labor conditions. In this chapter, we first discuss demographic theory, then we turn to examining the demographics of and status of education, health, and labor in China, India, and Japan.
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