Environmental Impact Assessment in the Arctic

Environmental Impact Assessment in the Arctic

A Guide to Best Practice

Timo Koivurova, Pamela Lesser, Sonja Bickford, Paula Kankaanpää and Marina Nenasheva

Significant growth in economic activity in the Arctic has added weight to the argument that projects must be developed responsibly and sustainably. Addressing growing concerns regarding the exploitation of the Arctic’s natural resources, this timely book presents and evaluates examples of best practice in Arctic environmental impact assessment.

Chapter 15: Conclusions

Timo Koivurova, Pamela Lesser, Sonja Bickford, Paula Kankaanpää and Marina Nenasheva

Subjects: environment, corporate social responsibility, energy policy and regulation, environmental governance and regulation, environmental law, law - academic, environmental law


Without question the two most significant factual changes affecting the Arctic are climate change and economic globalization, which in turn create new pressures on and needs for EIA (ACIA 2004). As a result of climate change, baselines in particular are in a more unstable state and features such as mitigation measures and monitoring plans are becoming essential tools to help ameliorate and monitor short-and long-term impacts that result from and are also caused by climate change (St_pie_ et al. 2014). The effects stemming from economic globalization have widespread implications for biodiversity, as it is closely linked with biodiversity depletion, and the resulting large-scale developments significantly impact, often negatively, local communities (Meltofte et al. 2013). Factual changes are not the only ones affecting the region. In a globalized world, many variables from outside can also have significant consequences. For example, economic cycles and the unpredictability of commodity prices have already been the cause of a slow-down in natural resource projects. Mining in particular has been hard hit. Even so, most analysts do not dispute that the future will see increasing economic activity in the Arctic (St_pie_ et al. 2014). The time horizon may be longer than was thought even just a few years ago, but global demographics dictate an inevitably increasing population and the concomitant need for natural resources.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information