Chapter 1: Introduction
Justitia is the goddess of law and justice, usually depicted blind and armed with sword and scales. Justitia’s legions are those who earn a living by providing legal services to others. These people give advice about the law; they represent others in courts or tribunals; they prepare documents with legal effect. They do this work for individuals, for corporations, and for governments. Some march alone; others in small partnerships; still others in firms of thousands. The goddess at the head of this column represents celebrated ideals such as the rule of law and the pursuit of justice. However, the reality is that Justitia’s legions muster themselves with the goal of meeting human needs. We live in a law-thick world. To secure a benefit or avoid a loss in this world, we often find that we must somehow use the law. This is as true for global corporations as it is for ordinary individuals, and it is as true for the most ambitious programs of social change as it is for the most elemental human needs. People, in short, need to use the law. However, law has become more complex along with the world itself and is now intricate enough that most people, in most cases, are unable to make effective use of it without assistance. They need and are often prepared to pay for expert legal services. Even the loftiest conceptions of law and its practitioners must acknowledge that legal services will be bought and sold.