Table of Contents

Settlements at the Edge

Settlements at the Edge

Remote Human Settlements in Developed Nations

New Horizons in Regional Science series

Edited by Andrew Taylor, Dean B. Carson, Prescott C. Ensign, Lee Huskey, Rasmus O. Rasmussen and Gertrude Saxinger

Settlements at the Edge examines the evolution, characteristics, functions and shifting economic basis of settlements in sparsely populated areas of developed nations. With a focus on demographic change, the book features theoretical and applied cases which explore the interface between demography, economy, well-being and the environment. This book offers a comprehensive and insightful knowledge base for understanding the role of population in shaping the development and histories of northern sparsely populated areas of developed nations including Alaska (USA), Australia, Canada, Greenland, Norway, Russia, Sweden, Finland and other nations with territories within the Arctic Circle.

Chapter 3: Boom back or blow back? Growth strategies in mono-industrial resource towns – ‘east’ and ‘west’

Gertrude Saxinger, Andrey Petrov, Natalia Krasnoshtanova, Vera Kuklina and Doris A. Carson

Subjects: geography, human geography, population studies, urban and regional studies, regional studies


3. Boom back or blow back? Growth strategies in mono-ndustrial i resource towns – ‘east’ and ‘west’ Gertrude Saxinger, Andrey Petrov, Natalia Krasnoshtanova, Vera Kuklina and Doris A. Carson INTRODUCTION The aim of this chapter is to discuss how ideas of path dependence and lock- (Grabher, 1993; Martin and Sunley, 2006) manifest in mono- in industrial resource towns in Russia, the United States and Australia. Based on the views of inhabitants, resource companies and administration representatives, this chapter illustrates the lure of the ‘re- oom’, its constraints b and downsides, as well as the attitudes of people towards new development paths. The chapter also identifies the various obstacles to alternative path development faced by mono- ndustrial resource towns. The four case study i sites are characterised by heavy mono-ndustrial activities in renewable i and non- enewable resources. The cases from the United States (fracking r around Williston in North Dakota) and Australia (alumina production in Nhulunbuy in the Northern Territory) are characterised by a long-erm t neoliberal political and economic regime, while the industrial paths of the two Russian case studies (the forestry town Baikalsk and the petroleum town Ust- ut in the Irkutsk region) go back to the Soviet Union´s K command economy. Although the Russian cases were subject to neoliberal industrial politics in the early post-ocialist era, a re- ationalisation of s n the resource industry is again visible today; namely, a system called by Saxinger (2016a) ‘re- ocialist neoliberalism’. s The idea of path dependence has been...

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