Table of Contents

Combating Poverty in Europe

Combating Poverty in Europe

Active Inclusion in a Multi-Level and Multi-Actor Context

Edited by Rune Halvorsen and Bjørn Hvinden

Discovering methods to combat poverty and social exclusion has now become a major political challenge in Europe. This book offers an original and timely analysis of how actors at the European, national and subnational levels meet this challenge. Combining perspectives on multilevel and network coordination, the editors discuss to what extent actors join forces in these efforts and identify the factors limiting the coordination achieved in practice. The book builds on a European study comparing Germany, Italy, Poland, Sweden and the UK.

Chapter 3: Poverty and social exclusion as a challenge for Active Inclusion – the spatial dimension

Elisabeth Ugreninov and Dorothee Spannagel

Subjects: politics and public policy, european politics and policy, public policy, social policy and sociology, comparative social policy, labour policy, welfare states

Extract

In 2010, the European Commission launched the EU 2020 strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. The strategy contained five headline targets – the fifth one dealing explicitly with poverty and social exclusion. The Commission declared that it would promote ‘social inclusion, in particular through the reduction of poverty by aiming to lift at least 20 million people out of the risk of poverty and exclusion’ (European Commission, 2010). This goal is specified in a footnote: ‘The population is defined as the number of persons who are at risk of poverty and exclusion according to three indicators: At risk of poverty; material deprivation; jobless household’ (ibid.). In order to make it possible to measure the efforts and results achieved by the member states, it is essential that the EU define the anti-poverty target in detail. Social exclusion is a three-dimensional concept that claims to be measurable, although one may question whether it has a sound theoretical foundation. The grouping together of three different dimensions of social exclusion aims primarily at monitoring progress towards achieving the headline target (Atkinson and Marlier, 2010).

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information