European Research in Entrepreneurship series
Edited by Alain Fayolle, Paula Kyrö and Francisco Liñán
Chapter 3: Validating a theory of planned behavior questionnaire to measure entrepreneurial intentions
The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) has been widely employed to predict entrepreneurial intentions. The TPB offers a coherent and generally applicable theoretical framework, which enables us to understand and predict entrepreneurial intentions by taking into account not only personal but also social factors. This study presents the validation of an Entrepreneurial Intention Questionnaire (EIQ) in a sample of more than 3,000 Spanish university graduates. The EIQ comprises four subscales: attitudes towards entrepreneurship, subjective norms, self-efficacy, and entrepreneurial intention. Unlike other questionnaires used in the field, EIQ follows Ajzen’s methodological recommendations on how to construct a TPB questionnaire using composite measures of attitudes and subjective norms. Structural equation modeling (SEM) confirmed that the EIQ has a high reliability and validity to measure Spanish university graduates’ entrepreneurial intentions. Key words: Entrepreneurship; intention; questionnaire validation; attitudes; self-efficacy
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