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Gender, Education and Employment

Gender, Education and Employment

An International Comparison of School-to-Work Transitions

eduLIFE Lifelong Learning series

Edited by Hans-Peter Blossfeld, Jan Skopek, Moris Triventi and Sandra Buchholz

For much of the twentieth century, women lagged considerably behind men in their educational attainment. However, in recent decades, young women have become an important source of human capital for labor markets in modern societies, as well as potential competitors to the male workforce. This book asks whether or not women have been able to convert their educational success into gains on the labor market

Chapter 12: Young Women Outcompeting Young Men? A Cohort Comparison of Gender Differences at Labor Market Entry in West Germany

Sandra Buchholz, Jan Skopek and Hans-Peter Blossfeld

Subjects: development studies, family and gender policy, education, education policy, social policy and sociology, comparative social policy, education policy, sociology and sociological theory


Our aim in this chapter is to examine horizontal gender differences and vertical gender inequalities at labor market entry in West Germany. We are particularly interested in how gender differences and gender inequalities at labor market entry have developed over the course of the educational expansion that has so strongly improved females' educational chances in recent decades.

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