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Gender, Education and Employment

Gender, Education and Employment

An International Comparison of School-to-Work Transitions

eduLIFE Lifelong Learning series

Edited by Hans-Peter Blossfeld, Jan Skopek, Moris Triventi and Sandra Buchholz

For much of the twentieth century, women lagged considerably behind men in their educational attainment. However, in recent decades, young women have become an important source of human capital for labor markets in modern societies, as well as potential competitors to the male workforce. This book asks whether or not women have been able to convert their educational success into gains on the labor market

Chapter 16: Segregated Worlds of Male and Female Labor Market Entrants in Estonia During the Last Decades?

Ellu Saar, Kadri Täht and Marge Unt

Subjects: development studies, family and gender policy, education, education policy, social policy and sociology, comparative social policy, education policy, sociology and sociological theory


In academic research, the persistence of gender segregation in both education and the labor market has been discussed and analyzed extensively because it is thought to account for many forms of gender-based advantage and disadvantage. In the Soviet Union, legal gender equality was one of the basic tenets. However, after regaining independence, Estonia opted for a radical liberal path and political, social and economic spheres of society went through major transformations.

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