Table of Contents

China’s Urban Century

China’s Urban Century

Governance, Environment and Socio-Economic Imperatives

Edited by François Gipouloux

The achievements of China’s urbanization should not be evaluated solely in terms of adequate infrastructures, but also in their ability to implement sound governance practices to ensure social, environmental and economic development. This book addresses several key challenges faced by Chinese cities, based on the most recent policies and experiments adopted by central and local governments. The contributors offer an interdisciplinary analysis of the urbanization process in China, and examine the following key topics: the institutional foundations of Chinese cities, the legal status of the land, the rural to urban migration, the preservation of the urban heritage and the creation of urban community, and the competitiveness of Chinese cities. They define the current issues and challenges emerging from China’s urbanization.

Chapter 12: The challenge of brownfield rehabilitation: a case study of Dadukou District, Chongqing

Chi-Han Ai and Oriane Pillet

Subjects: asian studies, asian urban and regional studies, environment, agricultural economics, politics and public policy, environmental governance and regulation, urban and regional studies, urban economics

Extract

Brownfield rehabilitation is a new phenomenon in China, where, until recently, the local government was used to making a clean sweep of its industrial past and moving past the post-Fordism period by building a modern and attractive future through the Chinese metropolis. This process of brownfield rehabilitation appeared in the 1960s in Europe and North America, in conjunction with an emerging consciousness of the value of industrial heritage, and has been exported since the end of the 1990s to some of the BRIC countries, such as China, where there has been a marked growth in urbanization. Notably, the huge renovation projects, which are a part of this rapid urbanization, have started to attract criticism, while an increased demand for heritage has emerged in China (Giroud, 2011). This chapter will analyse the case of Dadukou District, one of the nine downtown districts of Chongqing, as an illustration of this phenomenon. The post-industrial city of Chongqing was a wartime capital from 1937 through 1946, where heavy industries were located to meet the steel demand for the Second Sino-Japanese War. Dadukou District, where the Chongqing Iron and Steel Company was based, was a major industrial area until 2006, when, confronted with pollution and environmental directives, the State Council decided to move heavy industries away from urban areas.

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