Table of Contents

Multi-level Finance and the Euro Crisis

Multi-level Finance and the Euro Crisis

Causes and Effects

Studies in Fiscal Federalism and State-local Finance series

Edited by Ehtisham Ahmad, Massimo Bordignon and Giorgio Brosio

Representing a unique contribution to the analysis and discussion of the unfolding Eurozone crisis in terms of the relationship between central and local government, this book addresses a number of important fiscal and political economy questions. To what extent have local and regional governments contributed to the crisis? To what degree have subnational services and investments borne the brunt of the adjustments? How have multi-level fissures affected tensions between different levels of government from the supranational to the local? This volume covers these and many other critical issues that have been largely ignored despite their relevance.

Chapter 1: Promoting stabilizing and sustainable sub-national fiscal policies in the Euro area

Teresa Ter-Minassian

Subjects: economics and finance, public finance

Extract

The Euro area (henceforth EA) has been buffeted by major shocks in the last five years or so, first the global financial crisis and subsequently its own crisis, which affected most acutely the so-called ‘periphery’ (Cyprus, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Portugal and Spain), but also impacted adversely, because of its economic and financial integration, the rest of the area. There are, as of mid-2014, incipient signs of recovery of confidence and demand in most of the EA, but growth in output remains subdued, and too low to make a significant dent in the area’s historically high unemployment rates. The stresses associated with needed adjustments continue to have political reverberations, especially in Greece. The public finances of the EA member countries have been sharply impacted by the two crises, through the operation of the automatic stabilizers, discretionary stimulus packages in 2008–09, and in some countries the realization of contingent liabilities, particularly from rescue operations for domestic banks. The average overall general government (GG) deficit in the EA jumped from under 1 percent of GDP in 2007 to over 6 percent of GDP in 2009–10, and remains slightly above 3 percent of GDP, despite substantial fiscal consolidation efforts in a number of the area’s countries (Figure 1.1).