Public and Private Encounters
Edited by Tetty Havinga, Frans van Waarden and Donal Casey
Chapter 1: Changing regulatory arrangements in food governance
The leading position of nation states in food regulation has been displaced by novel, fragmented and complex patterns of regulatory arrangements. Global food governance and regulation is increasingly the activity of not only national governmental actors, but also of a multitude and diversity of private actors and international organizations. Governmental food regulation has come under pressure. While on the one hand the limited capacity of state institutions in this policy sphere has become visible, there has on the other hand been a concomitant increase in the requirements of and expectations towards the state to regulate food safety and quality. Complex global food supply chains and the perception of insufficient governmental regulation point to the limitations of governmental food regulation. The growing public concern about food safety, new concerns about lifestyle risks, animal welfare, sustainability, and advances in scientific and technological capabilities have led to rising expectations of governmental food regulation. Responses of both public and private organizations to current challenges have resulted in a new landscape of food governance.