The Changing Landscape of Food Governance

The Changing Landscape of Food Governance

Public and Private Encounters

Edited by Tetty Havinga, Frans van Waarden and Donal Casey

As markets become more globalized, they have also become governed by an increasingly complex array of public and private regulation. This volume investigates the changing landscape of food governance. In so doing, the contributions to his volume provide insights into broader analytical issues that have concerned regulatory governance scholars. These include the legitimacy and effectiveness of public and private regulation, the interaction of networks of regulation, regulatory responses to crisis and the distribution of power in regulatory arrangements.

Chapter 2: Conceptualizing regulatory arrangements: Complex networks and regulatory roles

Tetty Havinga

Subjects: law - academic, regulation and governance, politics and public policy, regulation and governance

Extract

Food regulation nowadays involves a broad variety of actors, including government agencies as well as other stakeholders. In this chapter I explore which actors are involved in private and mixed forms of food regulation. This question is important when considering such issues as the effectiveness, legitimacy and accountability of regulatory regimes. I argue that a dichotomous distinction between public (governmental) and private (non-governmental) regulation is not an adequate conceptualization for analyzing the reconfiguration of relationships between the actors involved in food regulation. We need more sophisticated distinctions linking the type of actor to the role they play in the regulatory process. I disentangle the regulatory process into multiple regulatory roles in order to analyze complex patterns of actor involvement in a regulatory regime. The regulation and governance of food has changed dramatically in recent decades. Traditional food regulation consisted of national governments enacting food legislation and enforcing compliance with the laws. Several developments in society have contributed to the emergence of national and transnational private or mixed forms of food regulation.

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