Public and Private Encounters
Edited by Tetty Havinga, Frans van Waarden and Donal Casey
Chapter 3: Regulation of food safety in the EU: Explaining organizational diversity among Member States
Triggered by major food scandals since the 1990s, European and national food safety policies and regulatory structures have been subject to profound reforms. In particular, the BSE crisis ‘created a window of opportunity for the development of a more internally integrated food safety policy’ (Ugland and Veggeland 2006, 618). Until then, food safety regulation had developed ‘in a piecemeal fashion’ (Alemanno 2006, 237). Scholars criticized a lack of relevant expertise in committees, the systematic exclusion of critical scientists, lack of timely release of information to the public, and the blending of science and politics (Buonanno 2006, 262–263). Accordingly, the organization of science and expertise was a major issue of the General European Food Law (GFL) adopted in early 2002. The GFL lays down principles on food safety regulation and specified rules for the newly founded European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), yet not for the institutional design of agencies at the national level. Most EU Member States set up agencies with different organizational features sometimes modelled after EFSA, and in other cases following national administrative traditions. How can we explain these institutional choices?
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.