Table of Contents

Handbook of US–China Relations

Handbook of US–China Relations

Edited by Andrew T.H. Tan

This Handbook addresses the key questions surrounding US–China relations: what are the historical and contemporary contexts that underpin this complex relationship? How has the strategic rivalry between the two evolved? What are the key flashpoints in their relationship? What are the key security issues between the two powers? The international contributors explore the historical, political, economic, military, and international and regional spheres of the US–China relationship. The topics they discuss include human rights, Chinese public perception of the United States, US–China strategic rivalry, China’s defence build-up and cyber war.

Chapter 21: The PLA Navy and the US Navy in the Asia-Pacific: Anti-Access/Area Denial vs AirSea Battle

Richard A. Bitzinger

Subjects: asian studies, asian politics and policy, politics and public policy, asian politics, international politics, international relations


The US and Chinese competition in the Western Pacific is increasingly taking on a military dimension. On the one hand, Beijing is increasingly prepared to use force or the threat of force to assert its self-proclaimed ‘indisputable sovereignty’ over much of the South China Sea. As part of an apparent ‘Anti-Access/Area Denial’ (A2/AD) military strategy, China is to develop the capabilities to prevent hostile (especially US) forces being able to operate with impunity within the waters closest to its territory. As such, the PLA Navy (PLAN) has particularly benefitted, as Beijing has de-emphasized ground forces in favor of acquiring the capabilities for force projection, long-range mobility, stealth and precision strike. The US response has been AirSea Battle (ASB), now termed ‘Joint Concept for Access and Maneuver in the Global Commons’, which is specifically oriented toward overcoming any Chinese A2/AD capacity that could challenge the operational freedom of US military forces. The concern is that China and the United States are increasingly prone to resort to force in the East and South China Seas in order to achieve their geopolitical goals, which in turn raises fears that such a competition could lead to an armed clash, one that could inadvertently escalate geographically and in intensity.

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