Accessibility, Equity and Efficiency

Accessibility, Equity and Efficiency

Challenges for Transport and Public Services

NECTAR Series on Transportation and Communications Networks Research

Edited by Karst T. Geurs, Roberto Patuelli and Tomaz Ponce Dentinho

Accessibility models not only help to explain spatial and transport developments in developed and developing countries but also are powerful tools to explain the equity and efficiency impacts of urban and transport policies and projects. In this book, leading researchers from around the world show the importance of accessibility in contemporary issues such as rural depopulation, investments in public services and public transport and transport infrastructure investments in Europe.

Chapter 5: Ensuring accessibility to daily activities for different population segments with respect to sharp increases in mobility costs

Benjamin Büttner, Gebhard Wulfhorst and Jordan Evans

Subjects: economics and finance, public sector economics, transport


The share of the household budget being spent on mobility is rising dramatically (Büttner et al. 2013). While residential costs can be estimated both easily and accurately, mobility costs and travel times are often underestimated or even ignored in household location decisions (see Büttner et al. 2012). This disconnect between mobility costs and household location decisions severely impacts upon the budgets of many households in Germany’s Munich region. This chapter aims to analyse how changes in mobility constraints – due to the influence of rising mobility costs on household budgets – can impact upon daily activity schedules, mobility behaviour, and residential and activity locations. By applying prospective shocks to mobility costs, the research seeks to explore and evaluate the resilience of different households to such shocks (that is, the ability of a household to absorb mobility cost stresses without changing its fundamental structure).

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