Accessibility, Equity and Efficiency

Accessibility, Equity and Efficiency

Challenges for Transport and Public Services

NECTAR Series on Transportation and Communications Networks Research

Edited by Karst T. Geurs, Roberto Patuelli and Tomaz Ponce Dentinho

Accessibility models not only help to explain spatial and transport developments in developed and developing countries but also are powerful tools to explain the equity and efficiency impacts of urban and transport policies and projects. In this book, leading researchers from around the world show the importance of accessibility in contemporary issues such as rural depopulation, investments in public services and public transport and transport infrastructure investments in Europe.

Chapter 7: Influence of the first and last mile on HSR accessibility levels

Andrés Monzón, Emilio Ortega and Elena López

Subjects: economics and finance, public sector economics, transport

Extract

Good connectivity to the high-speed rail (HSR) network is a crucial added value in urban agglomerations (Garmendia et al. 2011; Guirao and Campa 2014; Ure-a et al. 2009). This applies not only to locations with an HSR station, but also to nearby locations with good access to the HSR network. Extensive research has examined the changes in spatial organization that occur in areas near HSR stations and their surroundings as the land use system seeks to take advantage of the enhanced connectivity to the network (Monz—n et al. 2013b; Ure-a et al. 2009). In other words, good access to the network is a critical factor in obtaining the benefit of HSR services (Brons et al. 2009; Givoni 2006). The connection of the HSR station with local transit is a key factor for attracting new riders (Brons et al. 2009), as it guarantees households accessibility and constitutes the last link in a viable and integrated transportation chain.

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