Global, Regional and National Perspectives
New Horizons in Environmental and Energy Law series
Edited by Nigel Bankes, Irene Dahl and David L. VanderZwaag
Chapter 8: Aquaculture governance in Canada: a patchwork of approaches
The aquaculture industry in Canada has evolved significantly over the past three decades. From modest beginnings in the 1980s, it has grown to an economically important industry, particularly in British Columbia (BC), where more than half of Canada’s aquaculture production takes place. The industry saw significant growth in BC and New Brunswick (NB) in the 1980s and 1990s, but has not grown significantly since. The dominant species in the industry in Canada is salmon. In BC, the industry has created close to 6000 jobs, representing CAD 224 million in wages. About 740 aquaculture operations in BC produce salmon, other finfish and shellfish year-round, with a total harvested value of nearly CAD 534 million. New Brunswick is second to BC in salmon production and size of the industry. The first marine salmon farm began operations on the NB side of the Bay of Fundy in 1978. Salmon aquaculture production in NB has since grown to over 30 000 tonnes, with a value of more than CAD 180 million. Atlantic salmon has been the dominant species in NB, and is currently the only commercial finfish species grown at marine farms in NB. Oyster aquaculture has a long history in northeastern NB, yet the industry was relatively small until the introduction of new suspended culture techniques in 1998.
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