Table of Contents

Aquaculture Law and Policy

Aquaculture Law and Policy

Global, Regional and National Perspectives

New Horizons in Environmental and Energy Law series

Edited by Nigel Bankes, Irene Dahl and David L.DahlVanderZwaag VanderZwaag

With aquaculture operations fast expanding around the world, the adequacy of aquaculture-related laws and policies has become a hot topic. This much-needed book provides a three-part guide to the complex regulatory landscape. The expert contributors first review the international legal dimensions, including chapters on law of the sea, trade, and access and benefit sharing. Part Two offers regional perspectives, discussing the EU and regional fisheries management organizations. The final part contains eleven case studies exploring how leading aquaculture producing countries have been putting sustainability principles into practice.

Chapter 11: Iceland: aspects of the legal environment relating to aquaculture

Aðalheiður Jóhannsdóttir

Subjects: environment, environmental law, environmental politics and policy, law - academic, environmental law


Aquaculture, including mariculture, is a growing industry in Iceland leading, inter alia, to an increasing demand for the planning of marine areas and for fish farming operating permits. Although the legislative reaction hitherto has been lagging behind the current demand, some precautionary measures already have been taken to prevent genetic pollution by closing some large marine areas permanently for salmonid fish farming. Furthermore streamlining of the permitting procedure (one-stop shop) has recently been introduced, which will benefit those that apply for operating permits and should increase the cooperation of the relevant public authorities as well. Against this backdrop the objective of this chapter is to outline and discuss the main aspects of the Icelandic legal environment relating to aquaculture. The current legislation reflects a diverse preventive and precautionary approach and, to a certain extent, an ecological approach. Furthermore recent legal amendments signify what could be categorized as a first step towards a holistic and integrated management approach of marine-based fish farming. From scrutinizing the legal environment it is clear that the relevant legislation is in transition and, even though some of the most important acts were changed in 2014 (applicable from the beginning of 2015), the necessary administrative regulations have at the time of writing not yet been adjusted, although the larger strokes have been made clear by the central legislator (Althingi).

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