Edited by Sara Drake and Melanie Smith
The European Union (EU) is faced with the perpetual challenge of guaranteeing effective enforcement of its law and policies. Effective enforcement goes to the heart of all policy areas, and it is all the more important now at a time when the EU’s credibility is at stake and it finds itself under pressure to justify its existence (in some Member States at least). When rule setting is accomplished on a transnational level, rule enforcement must be effective. Policies are just political rhetoric if they cannot be delivered. Consequently, the EU must take enforcement seriously. This challenge is not unique to the EU: national law and international law face similar pressures, but the sui generis nature of the EU, with its multi-level system of governance and the constitutionalization of its legal order, presents particular problems for achieving effective enforcement. That said, its distinctive characteristics also offer opportunities for developing innovative solutions. This volume explores new trends in the effective enforcement of EU law and policy and the extent to which they achieve their intended (regulatory) goals. In contrast to many studies on the enforcement of EU law, the focus is on developments at, or driven by, the EU level of governance, rather than the activities of the Member States who are chiefly responsible for implementation of EU law and are the typical focus of enquiry for scholarly discussions.