Table of Contents

The Search for Environmental Justice

The Search for Environmental Justice

The IUCN Academy of Environmental Law series

Edited by Paul Martin, Sadeq Z. Bigdeli, Trevor Daya-Winterbottom, Willemien du Plessis and Amanda Kennedy

This is an extended and remarkable excursus into the evolving concept of environmental justice. This key book provides an overview of the major developments in the theory and practice of environmental justice and illustrates the direction of the evolution of rights of nature. The work exposes the diverse meanings and practical uses of the concept of environmental justice in different jurisdictions, and their implications for the law, society and the environment.

Chapter 11: International environmental governance in the Pacific island region

Justin Gregory Rose

Subjects: environment, environmental law, environmental politics and policy, law - academic, environmental law, politics and public policy, environmental politics and policy


Upon achieving independence in the second half of the twentieth century the national governments of the Pacific island region commenced participating actively in the processes and institutions of international environmental law. Pacific island countries (PICs) can be seen to have ‘taken to heart the keynote concepts of the magnificent declarations in the preamble of the UN Charter, including the reaffirmation of the equal rights of nations large and small, and respect for international law’. Cooperation among the states of the region for the purpose of engaging with international environmental legal processes is also common, in large part because ‘[f]or the small, there is always safety and strength in numbers’. The outcomes of Pacific engagement in international environmental governance are mixed. On one hand there is clearly a need to join the international community in developing and implementing multilateral environment agreements (MEAs) of relevance to the region. Pacific environments and societies have undoubtedly benefited from various protections and entitlements enshrined in international legal regimes. Perhaps ironically, during the past two decades the institutional and financing activities surrounding global conventions can be seen to have rendered irrelevant existing Pacific regional environmental treaty law and smothered its further development. Key stakeholders have recently begun voicing concerns identifying a substantial disconnect between international environmental governance and national and sub-national planning and priority-setting in PICs.

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