New Philosophy and New Law for a Troubled World

Philip Allott

There is a vacuum of philosophy to make sense of a world dominated by a disorderly global economy, by science and engineering, by ideologies, and by popular culture. There is a vacuum of law to bring order to relations between states that are more threatening than they have ever been. Thomas More’s Utopia (1516) re-thought everything in another difficult new world. Philip Allott’s Eutopia (2016) reclaims the best of human thought to empower us in making a better human world.

Chapter 3: Paradoxes of Being Human I

Philip Allott

Subjects: law - academic, human rights, law and society, legal philosophy, public international law


In countless cultures throughout human history, it has been seen that duality is a dominant feature of the natural world that we inhabit or, at least, of our mind’s understanding of that world – day and night, birth and death, growth and decay, male and female, time and space, mind and matter, pleasure and pain, I and you, us and them. It will be suggested here that a particular kind of duality is also a dominant feature of the functioning of the human mind itself. The mind contains a set of structural and systematic dualities which determine the form of its functioning. This dynamic world-changing capacity stems from the adversary interaction between the two elements of each instance of duality. Our mind experiences these two elements as being in opposition to each other. They may be a contradiction. They may be a paradox. They may be a dilemma.

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