Linking EU Climate and Energy Policies

Linking EU Climate and Energy Policies

Decision-making, Implementation and Reform

New Horizons in Environmental Politics series

Jon Birger Skjærseth, Per Ove Eikeland, Lars H. Gulbrandsen and Torbjørg Jevnaker

Based on an innovative theoretical framework combining theories of EU policy making, negotiation and implementation, this comprehensive book examines EU climate and energy policies from the early 1990s until the adoption of new policies for 2030. The authors investigate how the linking of climate and energy concerns in policy packages has facilitated agreement among EU leaders with very different policy ambitions. Employing in-depth studies from a diverse range of energy-economic countries, the book also explores the impact of the implementation of policies on the climate and energy policy framework and the Energy Union initiative.

Chapter 1: Introduction

Per Ove Eikeland and Jon Birger Skjærseth

Subjects: environment, climate change, environmental politics and policy, politics and public policy, environmental politics and policy


The chapter outlines the EU’s leadership-by-example ambition in climate policy and raises intriguing questions that are addressed in this book. How did the various member-states manage to agree on increasingly ambitious common targets and policies? Have the policies been implemented domestically – and have they served to trigger a transformation towards decarbonization? What are the consequences of these implementation experiences for the adoption of new EU policies to 2030 and beyond? The chapter introduces a pioneering new analytical approach in explaining policymaking, implementation and reform by combining negotiation theory on issue-linkages with theories on EU policymaking and implementation. It offers insights into how climate ambitions can be raised under the most demanding decisionmaking rule – when unanimity is required. Further, the research design and the structure of the book are presented.