An Essay on Revolution and Constitutionalism
Elgar Monographs in Constitutional and Administrative Law series
The events in the Middle East and North Africa in late 2010 and early 2011 have been given the label ‘the Arab Spring’, although by now it is widely acknowledged that the label misleadingly suggests a set of events that occurred in a compressed time period. The events appeared to need some sort of label because they seemed – at the time and for a while thereafter – to indicate that nations in the region (not all the nations, but many of them) were undergoing substantial transformations in their systems of government. They seemed to be moving from authoritarian systems toward more democratic and constitutionalist ones. The events seemed to resemble those that took place in other regions – in Latin America in the 1970s as authoritarian regimes were replaced by democratic ones, in central and eastern Europe after 1989 as the Soviet empire crumbled and new democratic regimes were installed.