Migration, Mobilities and the Arab Spring

Migration, Mobilities and the Arab Spring

Spaces of Refugee Flight in the Eastern Mediterranean

Edited by Natalia Ribas-Mateos

Confronting questions of globalization, mobilities and space in the Mediterranean, and more specifically in the eastern Mediterranean, this book introduces a new type of complexity and ambiguity to the study of the global. In this theoretical frame an increasingly urban articulation of global logics and struggles, and an escalating use of urban space to make political claims, not only by citizens but also by foreigners, can be found. By emphasizing the interplay between global, regional and local phenomena, the book examines new forms and conditions, such as the transformation of borders, the reconfiguration of transnational communities, the agency of transnational families, new mobilities and diasporas, and transnational networks of humanitarian response.

Chapter 3: Euro-Mediterranean relations in the field of migration management: contrasting Morocco and Turkey as case studies

Hafsa Afailal

Subjects: geography, human geography, population studies, politics and public policy, migration, social policy and sociology, migration, urban and regional studies, migration

Abstract

This chapter takes an in-depth look at Moroccan and Turkish migration policy through an analysis of the framework of Euro-Mediterranean relations in the field of migration management. Morocco and Turkey have played and continue to play an important role in the management of migration flows to the European Union. Since 2002 the outsourcing process to control the EU borders has also been supported by non-EU members using measures such as Frontex. The impact of this control on the political affairs related to migration in neighbouring countries was almost immediately felt. Morocco and Turkey are two different and distant countries that share proximity and a privileged status regarding their relations with the EU. They also share a long history of emigration, transit and immigration. Today, as immigration countries, they face the challenge of managing old and new diversities resulting from the new immigration.

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