Spaces of Refugee Flight in the Eastern Mediterranean
Edited by Natalia Ribas-Mateos
Chapter 3: Euro-Mediterranean relations in the field of migration management: contrasting Morocco and Turkey as case studies
This chapter takes an in-depth look at Moroccan and Turkish migration policy through an analysis of the framework of Euro-Mediterranean relations in the field of migration management. Morocco and Turkey have played and continue to play an important role in the management of migration flows to the European Union. Since 2002 the outsourcing process to control the EU borders has also been supported by non-EU members using measures such as Frontex. The impact of this control on the political affairs related to migration in neighbouring countries was almost immediately felt. Morocco and Turkey are two different and distant countries that share proximity and a privileged status regarding their relations with the EU. They also share a long history of emigration, transit and immigration. Today, as immigration countries, they face the challenge of managing old and new diversities resulting from the new immigration.
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