Financialisation and the Financial and Economic Crises

Financialisation and the Financial and Economic Crises

Country Studies

New Directions in Modern Economics series

Edited by Eckhard Hein, Daniel Detzer and Nina Dodig

The contributions to this book provide detailed accounts of the long-term effects of financialisation and cover the main developments leading up to and during the crisis in 11 selected countries: the US, the UK, Spain, Greece, Portugal, Germany, Sweden, Italy, France, Estonia, and Turkey. The introductory chapter presents the theoretical framework and synthesizes the main findings of the country studies. Furthermore, the macroeconomic effects of financialisation on the EU as a whole are analysed in the final chapter.

Chapter 1: Financialisation and the financial and economic crises: theoretical framework and empirical analysis for 15 countries

Nina Dodig, Eckhard Hein and Daniel Detzer

Subjects: economics and finance, financial economics and regulation, post-keynesian economics


This chapter analyses the long-run effects of financialisation and of the recent financial and economic crises for 15 countries. In order to provide a theoretical framework, we first outline three types of regimes under the conditions of financialisation, namely a debt-led private demand boom, an export-led mercantilist, and a domestic demand-led regime. We then take a look at the sectoral financial balances of the main macroeconomic sectors and at the growth contributions of the demand aggregates for each of the 15 countries, focusing in particular on the trade cycle before the crises. This enables us to cluster these countries according to the typology of regimes and describe the development dynamics among various groups, which were complementary and often mutually reinforcing, in the years leading up to the crises. Subsequently, we focus on the period following the outbreak of the crises and, by considering transmission mechanisms and main obstacles to recovery, analyse how countries in each of these clusters were affected. Finally, we focus on the regime shifts that have taken place in the course of the crises and we discuss the implications of these recent developments for the world economy.