Criminal Reconciliation in Contemporary China

Criminal Reconciliation in Contemporary China

An Empirical and Analytical Enquiry

Jue Jiang

Criminal reconciliation, a special procedure stipulated in PRC’s 2013 Criminal Procedure Law, allows the alleged perpetrators and victims of certain crimes to resolve criminal cases through reconciliation or mediation. Based on empirical studies on pilot practices of this mechanism in three cities in China, this book argues that criminal reconciliation enables abuses of power and infringement of the parties’ access to justice. This programme further throws light on certain fundamental problems with the wider criminal justice system.

Chapter 7: Conclusion

Jue Jiang

Subjects: law - academic, asian law, law and society


The concluding chapter looks into a broader political context in China today – the new leadership has announced its commitment to building ‘rule of law with Chinese characteristics’ at the 4th Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party in 2014, in the context of tightening its control of judiciary and suppression of civil society. The research on criminal reconciliation may present a microcosm of this big picture – the ruling Party tries to resort to tradition and its uniqueness in an attempt to maintain its authoritarian rule, while on the other hand, it tries to cover it up with terms such as ‘rule of law’ facing the citizens’ increasing awareness of rights and rule of law elements. However, on the contrary, this self-contradictory approach, bringing about more contradictions and dissatisfaction in society, will ultimately endanger the Party’s rule.

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