Chapter 11: Public utility marketing
This chapter describes the changes that have occurred in the marketing of public utilities since the big environmental protection movement that began in the 1960s. The marketing function in public utilities occurs at two levels: wholesale and retail. At the retail level, utilities divide their customers into three broad classes: residential, commercial, and industrial. The average of the service demands by all customers in each of three classes of customers over a given period is the utility’s average or base service load. The utility must be prepared to meet all average load requirements—and maintain a reserve for contingencies. Utility wholesaling is the sale of the electricity, gas, or water in bulk to a down-channel organization that will then resell the product on to another channel member or to final customers. Utility retail marketing refers to the activities involved in facilitating the sale of utility products and services to customers who actually use the product.
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