Chapter 4: The reform of the Common Fisheries Policy: Good governance
This chapter considers the good governance principles that have been introduced to the CFP in the 2013 Fisheries Regulation. Following the direction under the TEU that the division of responsibilities at Union, national and local level should be clarified, the institutional structure of the CFP has been overhauled so that decision-making will operate at Union, regional, national and local level. To replace the centralised model that predominated under earlier policy, a new cross-border regionalisation has been introduced in order to achieve more effective regulation through the tailoring of policy to respond to the specific circumstances of geographically defined areas. Greater participation and stakeholder involvement in determining the implementation of policy is envisaged. Provision is made for ‘appropriate stakeholder’ involvement through Advisory Councils and no fisheries measure may be adopted without reference to the relevant Advisory Council. Although democratisation in decision-making may have been intended, membership of the Advisory Councils is weighted to give a majority voice to the fishing industry. Absent from the reform is any provision to protect the interests of coastal communities that are particularly dependent on fishing. There has been a failure to institute safeguards to prevent regulatory capture of the participatory process which has severe implications for actual democracy, competition and sustainability.
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