The IUCN Academy of Environmental Law series
Edited by Jordi Jaria i Manzano, Nathalie Chalifour and Louis J. Kotzé
Chapter 8: Energy and smart cities: perspectives from a city-state, Singapore
Singapore’s Smart Nation Vision is driven by the country’s desire to stay ‘ahead of the curve’ and to be among the leading cities of the world. Since the 1980s, Singapore has embraced information technology in a bid to become an ‘Intelligent Island’. This has now evolved into becoming a ‘Smart Nation’. This chapter will explore the developments in Singapore’s efforts towards becoming a low carbon, energy smart city, focusing on its new laws to promote clean energy and clean buildings, and its funding and incentive schemes for energy efficiency and research and development (R & D) in the energy sector. The chapter also evaluates Singapore’s efforts against the Hoehner Research and Consulting Group’s three independent building blocks for a Smart Energy solution, namely, low carbon generation, efficient distribution and optimized consumption. The role of non-state actors is also examined. Finally, it concludes with recommendations for improvement.
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