Energy, Governance and Sustainability

Energy, Governance and Sustainability

The IUCN Academy of Environmental Law series

Edited by Jordi Jaria i Manzano, Nathalie Chalifour and Louis J. Kotzé

This book makes an in-depth and timely contribution to the debate about how to transform our energy governance systems into ones that support a fair, safe and sustainable society. It combines perspectives from leading scholars around the world to provide a global outlook on alternative approaches to energy governance and innovative experiences. Taken as a whole, it offers a unique snapshot of some of the innovative and novel ways in which law can support the shift to sustainable and equitable energy systems.

Chapter 8: Energy and smart cities: perspectives from a city-state, Singapore

Lye Lin-Heng and Melissa Low

Subjects: environment, environmental governance and regulation, environmental law, law - academic, energy law, environmental law, regulation and governance, politics and public policy, environmental governance and regulation


Singapore’s Smart Nation Vision is driven by the country’s desire to stay ‘ahead of the curve’ and to be among the leading cities of the world. Since the 1980s, Singapore has embraced information technology in a bid to become an ‘Intelligent Island’. This has now evolved into becoming a ‘Smart Nation’. This chapter will explore the developments in Singapore’s efforts towards becoming a low carbon, energy smart city, focusing on its new laws to promote clean energy and clean buildings, and its funding and incentive schemes for energy efficiency and research and development (R & D) in the energy sector. The chapter also evaluates Singapore’s efforts against the Hoehner Research and Consulting Group’s three independent building blocks for a Smart Energy solution, namely, low carbon generation, efficient distribution and optimized consumption. The role of non-state actors is also examined. Finally, it concludes with recommendations for improvement.

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