Critical Issues in Environmental Taxation series
Edited by Natalie P. Stoianoff, Larry Kreiser, Bill Butcher, Janet E. Milne and Hope Ashiabor
Chapter 1: The use of market-based instruments in protecting South Australia’s marine protected areas
In October 2014, a system of sanctuary zones came into operation in the Australian state of South Australia. The coming into force of these sanctuary zones was the last step in a process designed to protect South Australia’s unique marine diversity which began some 15 years previously. These sanctuary zones are ‘no fishing’ zones and are part of the marine protected areas of the state. They number 83 and cover approximately 6% of South Australia’s marine area. Marine protected areas cover approximately 44% of the state’s marine area. The non-sanctuary zoned marine protected areas, which cover 38% of the state’s marine areas, allow a variety of fishing (both commercial and recreational) and other recreational activities.