Chapter 7: Valuing Water Quality Changes in the Netherlands Using Stated Preference Techniques
Roy Brouwer INTRODUCTION This chapter provides an overview of the use of stated preference valuation methods in Dutch water policy and management. A number of largescale contingent valuation (CV) surveys have been carried out since 2000, which aimed to inform public policy and decision-making at national level related to the revision of the European Bathing Water Directive (BWD), contaminated sediment clean-up and the implementation of the European Water Framework Directive (WFD). At regional level also, the ecological restoration of lakes in one of the most important recreational lake districts in the Netherlands was informed by a large-scale CV study. The use and acceptability of large-scale social surveys in the domain of water, including questions related to public willingness to pay (WTP), has increased signiﬁcantly in the Netherlands over the past ﬁve years. The recent popularity of cost–beneﬁt analysis (CBA) in water policy and decisionmaking, especially ﬂood control policy (Brouwer and Kind, 2005), has certainly played a role in this. In Europe, the implementation of the WFD is expected to provide an important further impetus in view of the Directive’s cost recovery requirements related to water use and water services. Also the emphasis in the WFD on public participation is expected to have a positive effect on the use of social survey methods to elicit public opinions and perceptions towards socially acceptable levels of water quality. This chapter’s main objective is to provide an overview of the economic values obtained in a number of large-scale stated preference surveys...
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