Selected Case Studies from the Americas
Edited by Mohammed H.I. Dore and Rubén Guevara
Chapter 7: Economic valuation of mangrove ecosystems and sub-tropical forests in Central America
Tania Ammour, Néstor Windevoxhel and Gustavo Sención INTRODUCTION The loss of tropical biodiversity through land use changes in developing countries is a problem which continues to make headlines throughout the world. Although studies and research have been carried out and applied, to some degree, in developed countries, the economic planning of developing countries does not yet incorporate or evaluate the impacts of management strategies beyond the goods produced. This has to do with, among other reasons, the unavailability of reliable information for tropical ecosystems, as well as the need to adjust methodologies to speciﬁc ecological and economic conditions found in developing countries. The need to translate ecological information into economic terms is immediate, inasmuch as decision makers in these countries have begun to recognize the importance of environmental services of their natural resource stocks, as reﬂected in Costa Rica’s recent agreement with speciﬁc environmental services such as tourism, carbon ﬁxation and so on. While the evaluation of the ecological function of carbon ﬁxation and other individual services is a step forward, it is necessary to value, not just the environmental services, but resource management practices and their effect on these services. However, there are few studies on partial or total ecosystem valuation in Latin America (Barton, 1995; Furst et al., 1996; Pearce et al., 1993). Considering the critical poverty levels in developing countries, the primary concern is the creation of value through the production of goods respecting the basic ecological processes of ecosystems. In practice,...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.