Sustainable Forest Management and Global Climate Change

Sustainable Forest Management and Global Climate Change

Selected Case Studies from the Americas

Edited by Mohammed H.I. Dore and Rubén Guevara

The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change recognises that, in the formulation of a global strategy for reducing global emissions of carbon (the main factor in global warming) forests could play an important role. This book highlights that role and demonstrates how the forests of the world may be harvested judiciously and sustainably. The authors argue that the forests are more than just a source of timber and wood; they discuss the role that forests play in reducing global warming, in preventing soil erosion and in helping to minimise the loss of biodiversity. Drawing on the expertise of contributors associated with the analysis of forests, this book is an in depth and fascinating discussion as well as a policy guide for the sustainable management of forests.

Chapter 7: Economic valuation of mangrove ecosystems and sub-tropical forests in Central America

Tania Ammour, Néstor Windevoxhel and Gustavo Sención

Subjects: economics and finance, environmental economics, environment, climate change, environmental economics, management natural resources

Extract

Tania Ammour, Néstor Windevoxhel and Gustavo Sención INTRODUCTION The loss of tropical biodiversity through land use changes in developing countries is a problem which continues to make headlines throughout the world. Although studies and research have been carried out and applied, to some degree, in developed countries, the economic planning of developing countries does not yet incorporate or evaluate the impacts of management strategies beyond the goods produced. This has to do with, among other reasons, the unavailability of reliable information for tropical ecosystems, as well as the need to adjust methodologies to specific ecological and economic conditions found in developing countries. The need to translate ecological information into economic terms is immediate, inasmuch as decision makers in these countries have begun to recognize the importance of environmental services of their natural resource stocks, as reflected in Costa Rica’s recent agreement with specific environmental services such as tourism, carbon fixation and so on. While the evaluation of the ecological function of carbon fixation and other individual services is a step forward, it is necessary to value, not just the environmental services, but resource management practices and their effect on these services. However, there are few studies on partial or total ecosystem valuation in Latin America (Barton, 1995; Furst et al., 1996; Pearce et al., 1993). Considering the critical poverty levels in developing countries, the primary concern is the creation of value through the production of goods respecting the basic ecological processes of ecosystems. In practice,...

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