Chapter 9: A Comparative Analysis and Interpretation
Page 218 9— A Comparative Analysis and Interpretation Culture Looks at Culture Five different cultures and some of their manifestations in the context of business leadership have been discussed in some detail. As one illustration of the results of this study the following Table 9.1 could be constructed. Table 9.1 Comparative analysis of five different cultures Americans Arabs Americans — (as) work oriented (as) patronizing (as) direct (as) profitcentred Arabs (as) ritualistic — Chinese (as) controlling (as) callous — (as) powercentred (as) secretive Japanese (as) formal (as) consentient (as) participative — (as) sexist Scandinavians (as) careful (as) egalitarian (as) environmental (as) matteroffact — Chinese Japanese Scandinavians (as) religious (as) pushy (as) rhetorical It is important to understand that this table is to be interpreted as a typified picture. For example: • the Chinese (as a type) look at the Japanese (as a type) as (too) participative; • Americans (as a type) look at the Arabs as (too) ritualistic, the Chinese as (too) controlling, the Japanese as (too) formal, and the Scandinavians as (too) careful (all as types); or Page 219 • Americans look at the Chinese (as a type) as (too) controlling, the Arabs look at them as (too) callous, the Japanese look at them as (too) powercentred, and the Scandinavians look at them as (too) secretive (all as types). Culture and Capitalism It is clear that five different types of capitalism rule our five cultures, that is: 1. America = shareholder capitalism 2. Arabia = neotraditionalist capitalism 3. China = family capitalism 4. Japan...
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