Social Integration Through Transitional Labour Markets
Labour Markets and Employment Policy series
Edited by Jacqueline O’Reilly, Inmaculada Cebrián and Michel Lallement
Chapter 7: Peripheral labour in peripheral markets? Mobility and working time within transitional labour markets among women in Ireland and Spain
Inmaculada Cebrián, Vanessa Gash, Gloria Moreno, Philip J. O’Connell and Luis Toharia 1 INTRODUCTION While the persistence of mass unemployment and the associated problems that accumulate have long been a favoured subject of social scientiﬁc analysis, as yet there is no consensus regarding a solution. Schmid’s (1998) theory of Transitional Labour Markets (TLMs) provides an alternative conception of full employment based on current and emerging patterns of increased ﬂexibility in the organization of work over the working week and over the life cycle. TLM theory, grounded in ideals of citizenship and social rights, adopts the view that employment is a basic human right. Unemployment is thus viewed as exclusionary, as a denial of the right to employment and as potentially leading to social disintegration. Full employment within TLMs is not conceived in terms of traditional forms of employment (stable, full-time employment) rather employment is viewed as a constant dynamic of production across various social systems, covering paid and unpaid labour. Thus, TLM theory reconceives employment as a dynamic of production, covering transitions between employment, training, self-employment and dependent employment. The new dynamism that TLMs could facilitate would have to operate within the context of constant skill acquisition on behalf of the agent if transitions between different systems are to be successful or even possible. Whilst a growing economy is important for the generation of employment, the majority of work to be created for the unemployed – to achieve the objective of full employment – is to be provided through employment...
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