Environmental Regulation in the New Global Economy

Environmental Regulation in the New Global Economy

The Impact on Industry and Competitiveness

Rhys Jenkins, Jonathan Barton, Anthony Bartzokas, Jan Hesselberg and Hege Merete Knutsen

This book attempts to answer these questions using case studies of three pollution-intensive industries: iron and steel, leather tanning, and fertilizers. Based on in-depth interviews with managers and regulators in Western and Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa and Latin America, the book illustrates the variety of responses to the conflicting pressures of globalization and environmental protection at corporate and industry levels.


Rhys Jenkins, Jonathan Barton, Anthony Bartzokas, Jan Hesselberg and Hege Merete Knutsen

Subjects: development studies, development economics, economics and finance, environmental economics, environment, environmental economics, environmental governance and regulation


This book is the result of a collaborative effort between researchers at three institutions in three different European countries: the School of Development Studies, University of East Anglia in the UK, the Department of Human Geography of the University of Oslo in Norway, and the United Nations University, Institute of New Technologies located in Maastricht in the Netherlands. It represents both an international and an interdisciplinary effort since it brought together researchers from different disciplinary backgrounds, particularly geography and economics. The starting point of the research was a common interest in the impact which environmental regulation is having on the competitiveness and the location of industry in the context of an increasingly integrated global economy. The Department of Human Geography at the University of Oslo had initiated a programme of research on ‘Location of Pollution-Intensive Industry in a North/South Perspective’ in 1989. Researchers at the School of Development Studies had worked on various aspects of globalization for a number of years, while INTECH specialized in technology issues and organized a ‘Workshop on Transfer of Environmentally Sound Technology’ in the mid1990s. All three groups of researchers had a particular interest in North-South relations. The specific research on which this book is based commenced in 1996 and was funded under the European Union’s Fourth Framework Programme on Environment and Climate. Over the course of three years, participants in the programme met at regular intervals to discuss the methodology and research findings. In July 1999 a conference was held at the University of...

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