Environmental Regulation in the New Global Economy

Environmental Regulation in the New Global Economy

The Impact on Industry and Competitiveness

Rhys Jenkins, Jonathan Barton, Anthony Bartzokas, Jan Hesselberg and Hege Merete Knutsen

This book attempts to answer these questions using case studies of three pollution-intensive industries: iron and steel, leather tanning, and fertilizers. Based on in-depth interviews with managers and regulators in Western and Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa and Latin America, the book illustrates the variety of responses to the conflicting pressures of globalization and environmental protection at corporate and industry levels.

List of abbreviations

Rhys Jenkins, Jonathan Barton, Anthony Bartzokas, Jan Hesselberg and Hege Merete Knutsen

Subjects: development studies, development economics, economics and finance, environmental economics, environment, environmental economics, environmental governance and regulation

Extract

APIC Associação Portuguesa dos Indústrias de Cortumes (the Portuguese leather tanning association) BAT Best available techniques BATNEEC Best available techniques not entailing excessive cost BOD Biological oxygen demand BOF Blast oxygen furnace CEPT Common effluent treatment plant CICUR Cámara de la Indústria de Curtidura del Estado de Guanajuato (the association of the leather industry in Guanajuato) CO Carbon monoxide COD Chemical oxygen demand COMECON Council for Mutual Economic Aid COREX Direct reduction system DM Deutsche Mark DRI Direct reduction iron EAF Electric arc furnace EC European Commission ECSC European Coal and Steel Community ECU European Currency Unit ELV Emission limit value EMAS European Community Eco-management and Audit Scheme EMS Environmental management system EU European Union FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FINEX The use of non-coking coal and iron ore without pretreatment (unlike the traditional method of making molten iron in a blast furnace) GDP Gross domestic product IBS Brazilian Steel Institute IFA International Fertilizer Industry Association IISI International Iron and Steel Institute IPC Integrated pollution control IPPC Integrated pollution prevention and control LCA Life cycle analysis NAFTA North American Free Trade Area xiii 15435_EnvironRegulation/Prelims 30/5/02 2:05 pm Page 14 xiv Abbreviations NOx OHF PAC PCI PCP PM10 ppm PPM SO2 TRT TSP VDL VOC WTO Nitrogen oxides Open hearth furnace Pollution abatement cost Pulverized carbon injection Pentachlorophenol Particles with diameter less than 10␮m part per million Process and production method Sulphur dioxide Top recovery turbine Total suspended particles Verband...

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