Economic Performance in the Americas

Economic Performance in the Americas

The Role of the Service Sector in Brazil, Mexico and the USA

Nanno Mulder

Economic Performance in the Americas compares the economic performances of Brazil, Mexico and the USA over the past half century. As with most other high and middle-income countries their economies are service-sector orientated and have been for several decades. This book encompasses all sectors of the economy but focuses primarily on services, analysing both the main trends in the various service industries in Brazil and Mexico and the underlying forces shaping their huge expansion.

Appendix A: Population and Employment

Nanno Mulder

Subjects: economics and finance, industrial economics


POPULATION The population estimates for 182G1994 are from Maddison (1995b), which are linked to data fkom the Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census ( I 998). EMPLOYMENT The analysis of labour productivity trends by sector of the economy requires the construction of employment series. This is a difficult task for Brazil and Mexico, as most information on employment comes fiom population censuses which are only available on a decade basis. In recent years additional sources have become available such as labour force surveys, which are published more fkequently. The statistical basis of these countries is too weak to estimate hours worked on a sectoral basis. Brazil For the period prior to 1950 employment information by sector of the economy was only available fkom the population censuses, which were taken in 1900, 1920, 1940 and 1950. The 1900 census included a large category ‘not elsewhere classified’, which included persons from, among others, construction, utilities and financial services. The 1940 census also had a large category ‘not elsewhere classified’. The census data are listed in Ludwig ( 1985). From 1950 to 1970 employment information by sector of the economy was only available from the population censuses taken in 1950, 1960 and 1970. For the post-1970 period two basic sources are available. Firstly, population censuses for 1970, 1980 and 1990 and population surveys for intermediate years (IBGE, Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicilios, PNAD, various issues). Secondly, since I975 the national accounts published employment figures on a quinquennial basis until 1990, and 263 264...

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