Economic Performance in the Americas

Economic Performance in the Americas

The Role of the Service Sector in Brazil, Mexico and the USA

Nanno Mulder

Economic Performance in the Americas compares the economic performances of Brazil, Mexico and the USA over the past half century. As with most other high and middle-income countries their economies are service-sector orientated and have been for several decades. This book encompasses all sectors of the economy but focuses primarily on services, analysing both the main trends in the various service industries in Brazil and Mexico and the underlying forces shaping their huge expansion.

Appendix D: The Service Sector

Nanno Mulder

Subjects: economics and finance, industrial economics


This appendix presents the underlying sources for the bilateral comparisons of output in services. The underlying data are available in Mulder (1999), and upon request fiom the author. PUBLIC UTILITIES Public utilities consist of the production and distribution of gas, electricity and water. Volume data: for Brazil electricity production was derived from IBGE (1 990, p. 497); for Mexico from INEGI (1982); and for the USA from Department of Commerce, Statistical Abstract o the United States 1979. f Volume of water distribution: Brazil was estimated by the - urban and rural per capita consumption times the size of the urban and rural population. This figure was corrected for the share of houses connected to (piped) water works as taken f?om ECLAC (1 993, pp. 16, 166). Mexico from Cessti (1 989) and Comisi6n del Plan Hidraulico (1981); USA: see source electricity distribution. Gas distribution is fiom Wilkie (1 990, p, 5 1 I). Value of output: cost of public utilities was derived fiom the national accounts of Brazil and the USA (see IBGE, 1987; Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, 1986), and for Mexico from INEGI (1994a). Cost of water distribution was taken fiom Mulder (I 99 1). TRANSPORT Passenger km, passengers, ton km, tons and value of output: Brazil fiom Ministerio do Transportes ( 1982); IBGE, Anuario Estatistico do Brasil (various issues); and IBGE (1990); Mexico fiom SPP (1 979), SPP (1 98 lb), and SPP, Anuario Estadistico de 10s Estados Unidos Mexicanos; and USA: from Department of...

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