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Edited by Ross B. Emmett
Chapter 5: Berthold Frank Hoselitz
David Mitch* Bert Hoselitz (1913–95) was affiliated with the University of Chicago’s Department of Economics from 1945 until his retirement in 1978. In a University of Chicago (1963) press release he is described as ‘one of the world’s few “universal” social scientists’. He brought general social science and historical perspectives to bear on a broad range of topics including the economics of war and military occupation, long-run trends in urbanization, stage theories of economic growth and the role of entrepreneurship in economic development. He is especially known for his analysis of the role of cultural and sociological factors in explaining differences between underdeveloped and developed economies. His affiliation with the economics faculty underscores the broad range of social science perspectives that have been present in the intellectual milieu of the department. In the 1950s, Hoselitz was particularly influential in urging the value of an interdisciplinary but unified social science framework for addressing the problems of underdeveloped countries. He founded the Research Center in Economic Development and Cultural Change at Chicago in 1951 and continued as its director through 1974. As the Center’s director, he played a key role in the development of the journal Economic Development and Cultural Change, initially founded in 1952; he was editor between 1953 and 1985. Among other honors, he was a Fellow of the Center for Advanced Studies in the Behavioral Sciences in Palo Alto in 1955–56 and a Guggenheim Fellow in 1961–62. Hoselitz was born in Vienna in 1913 into a...
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